Bulk cocoa is defined in the trade as cocoa that has a full chocolate aroma but hardly any other special flavours. Over 92 percent of the world's cocoa production is bulk cocoa. The majority is produced in West African countries such as the Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon.
In world trade, a strict distinction is made between bulk cocoa (Forastero) and fine flavour cocoa (Trinitario, Arriba Nacional and Criollo). The spread of high-yielding, low-maintenance bulk cocoa varieties, such as the Forastero variety »CCN 51«, is increasingly threatening the cultivation of original fine flavour cocoas in the regions of origin along the equator.